Tuesday, June 5, 2012

Southern Africa power plant plans

Nothing on efficiency or demand-management; almost no renewable


SA Time: Tue Jun 5 19:00:53 2012

Planned power projects will beat Southern Africa�s energy blues
May 27 2012 at 03:47pm
By Reuters


Southern Africa has abundant energy sources such as coal, hydro, solar
and wind, many of which have yet to be developed. The biggest projects
in the pipeline are:

BOTSWANA: Toronto-listed CIC Energy plans a 1 200MW coal-fired plant
in Botswana. But the

Mmamabula Energy Project was suspended in 2009 pending a power
purchase agreement with South

Africa. CIC also plans to develop a 300MW coal-fired plant at the
Mmamabula coal field to supply

Botswana. Once financing is arranged, the estimated construction
period is two years. Botswana will

issue a tender in 2012 for two, 300MW coal-fired plants to be built by
independent producers. One of

the projects, due in 2015/16, will be an expansion at the existing
Morupule complex where power utility

Botswana Power Corporation operates a coal-fired plant. The other
plant, due by 2018/19, can be built

anywhere in the country.

DEMOCRATIC REPUBLIC OF CONGO (DRC): South Africa and the DRC are in
talks to develop the 40 000MW hydro dam project on the Congo River,
estimated to cost R200 billion. Political risk caused previous
attempts to develop smaller hydro projects on the river to fail.

MOZAMBIQUE: Mozambique plans to construct a transmission line linking
its Zambezia province, where

most of the hydro and coal mining projects are, with the capital,
Maputo. There is no direct line linking

the present dam with Maputo and the capital is supplied via a line
that first goes to South Africa and

then transmits power back to Mozambique. The $1.9bn (R15.9bn) project
is seen as key to getting other

generation projects off the ground. Mozambique�s state utility, EDM,
will be the lead developer with at

least a 51 percent stake. There are also more than 3 000MW-worth of
hydro projects in the pipeline,

with completion pencilled in for 2018 to 2020. Cahora Bassa
Hydroelectric also plans an expansion,

building a power station in the northern part of the Zambezi River to
boost supplies after it has

exhausted the maximum capacity of 2 075MW it can produce from its
generators on the southern bank.

The plant will add 1 245MW by 2019 to 2021. Mphanda Nkuwa: Mozambique
is building a new dam

on the Zambezi, some 60km downstream from Cahora Bassa. The $3bn
project will add up to

1 500MW. It is being jointly developed by a consortium consisting of
Brazilian conglomerate Camargo

Correa, the Insitec Group and Mozambique�s EDM. Smaller hydro projects
include: Boroma (200MW),

Mavuzi 2 and 3 (60MW), Lupata (600MW), Lurio (120MW), Alto Malema
(60MW), and Massingir

(27MW). Gas-to-power: new gas-to-power projects will add around 300MW
to the grid by 2013 to

2014. They include a Sasol-EDM project (140MW), Gigawatt Mozambique�s
plant (100MW) and

Enventure�s Kuvaninga project (40MW). Benga: Miner Riversdale, now
owned by Rio Tinto, is developing

a thermal power station in Tete province. The plant will initially
produce 600MW, starting in 2013, and

there is potential to ramp it up to 2 000MW by 2020. Power would be
used to supply mines in

Mozambique and South African utility Eskom. Moatize: Brazilian miner
Vale plans to build a 600MW

thermal plant in Tete. The company is still looking for international
investors to help fund the project.

India�s Jindal Steel & Power also plans to build a 2 640MW coal-fired
power plant in the northern

province. The plant was estimated to cost $3bn, with first production
expected in 2015, Mozambique�s

energy ministry said in October. The power will be sold domestically
and to the rest of southern Africa.

NAMIBIA: Van Eck power plant: state utility NamPower is rehabilitating
the 120MW coal-fired plant to extend its life by another five years.
The project is due this year. Ruacana: NamPower has added a 92MW unit
to the hydro plant, raising capacity to a total 332MW. The utility is
also replacing turbine runners at the hydro plant to expand its
capacity by further 15MW, a project which will be completed within the
next 18 to 24 months. Paratus power plant: NamPower is replacing four
old machines at the diesel-powered plant. The project will be
completed within two years. Erongo coal-fired power station: NamPower
is planning the construction of a 300MW coal-fired power plant at
Arandis. The plant could later be expanded to 800MW. Detailed studies
for the project, which may be built in co-operation with an
independent power producer, are under way. Kudu gas-to-power plant:
the plant, expected to generate 800MW, has faced many delays. Half of
the power produced would go to Namibia, with the rest to be used by
utilities in the region. The project involves pumping gas from the
Kudu field about 170km offshore to a combined cycle gas power plant.
It is unclear when the project may materialise. Baynes hydro power
plant: a dam feeding into a 400MW power plant is envisaged along the
Kunene River on the border between Namibia and Angola. Studies on the
$1.3bn dam, driven by both governments, are expected to be presented
to the governments for approval by the middle of the year. Small
Orange River hydro power plant: the project, to be jointly developed
by Namibia and South Africa, is still in the feasibility study stage,
but could produce between 80 and 200MW. Caprivi: NamPower has
commissioned the Caprivi interconnector, a 951km transmission line
from Namibia to Zambia, which gives the country access to power from
Zambia, Mozambique and others in the region.

SOUTH AFRICA: Medupi: the first unit of the 4 764MW coal-fired plant
will be commissioned in late

2013. The plant will be fully operational by 2018. Kusile: the 4 800MW
coal-fired plant is due by 2019.

Ingula: the 1 352MW hydro power plant is due by 2015. Renewable
energy: South Africa launched a

bidding process to eventually add up to 3 725MW of green energy to the
national grid by 2016.

ZAMBIA: Zambia, Africa�s top copper producer, will ask big electricity
consumers such as miners to cut back their energy use as the country
has been hit by a power shortage that will only ease in December 2013.
Peak power demand when Zambian consumers switch on their heaters
outstrips the 1 800MW it currently generates, although Zambia expects
to have a surplus of 600MW by 2016, allowing it to supply power to the
region. Kariba North Bank: Zambia contracted China�s Sino Hydro to
build the Kariba North Bank Extension power station, which will add
360MW to the electricity grid. The project will ease Zambia�s power
shortage when it comes on stream in December 2013. Maamba Collieries,
majority owned by Singaporean miner Nava Bharat, has pushed back to
2015 the completion of a 300MW coal-fired plant because of delays in
getting environmental approvals. The plant will initially produce
300MW and later add another 300MW. The investment for the first phase
of the project is seen at $750 million. Kafue Gorge Lower: the 750MW
Kafue Gorge Lower hydro power station, due for construction in 2012,
has been delayed by the global financial crisis and technical
difficulties. The $2bn plant is expected to be completed by 2018.
Itezhi-Tezhi: the $270m hydro plant on the Itezhi-Tezhi dam, a joint
venture between utility Zesco and Tata Africa Holdings, is expected to
generate 120MW and start production in 2016 to 2017, according to
Zesco. Zambia also plans to build two new hydro power plants estimated
to cost $650m in the northern part of the country starting in 2013.
The two plants are expected to add a total of 247MW to the national

Source: Reuters

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