Wednesday, May 15, 2013

China gives environmental approval to country's biggest hydro dam

China gives environmental approval to country's biggest hydro dam
By David Stanway
May 15, 2013

China's environment ministry has given the go-ahead for the construction
of what will become the country's tallest hydroelectric dam despite
acknowledging it will have an impact on plants and rare fish.

The dam, with a height of 314 metres (1,030 feet), will serve the
Shuangjiangkou hydropower project on the Dadu River in southwestern
Sichuan province.

To be built over 10 years by a subsidiary of state power firm Guodian
Group, it is expected to cost 24.68 billion yuan ($4.02 billion) in

The ministry, in a statement issued late on Tuesday, said an
environmental impact assessment had acknowledged that the project would
have a negative impact on rare fish and flora and affect protected local
nature reserves.

Developers, it said, had pledged to take "counter-measures" to mitigate
the effects. The project still requires the formal go-ahead from the
State Council, China's cabinet.

China aims to raise the share of non-fossil fuels in its energy mix to
15 percent by 2020, up from 9.4 percent in 2011. Hydropower is expected
to make the biggest contribution.

It has vowed to speed up construction of dams in the 2011-2015 period
after slowing it down following the completion of the controversial
Three Gorges project in 2005.

The Three Gorges Dam, which serves the world's biggest hydropower
station on the Yangtze river, measures 185 metres.

The 300-m Nurek dam in Tajikistan in Central Asia is the world's
highest, though other taller dams are now under construction. China's
tallest dam now, at 292 metres, is the Xiaowan Dam on the Lancang River,
also known as the Mekong.

On completion, the Sichuan project will have a total installed capacity
of 20 gigawatts (GW), with annual power generation to exceed 7 billion
kilowatt-hours (kWh).

The government said this year that hydropower capacity was expected to
reach 290 GW by 2015, up from 220 GW at the end of 2010. It also said it
would begin building a controversial project on the undeveloped Nu River
in Yunnan province.

Guodian was one of a number of state-owned firms criticised by China's
national audit office last week for starting work on projects not yet
been approved by the central government. The office said by the end of
2011, the company had invested nearly 30 billion yuan in 21 unapproved

The Huadian Group, China's biggest power company, was also criticised
for launching construction of the Huangdeng hydropower plant before
receiving the government's go-ahead. ($1 = 6.1428 Chinese yuan)

(Reporting by David Stanway; Editing by Ron Popeski)

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