Tuesday, December 14, 2010

Fwd: [ANEW] RWSN Newsletter - December 2010

*Rural Water Supply Network (RWSN)
*December 2010*


As 2010 draws to a close, and many of you wind down before the New Year
we once again share the latest news from RWSN with you. In this edition
we bring you the latest field note on the *Siting of Drilled Water
Wells: A guide for Managers <#news1>*, as well as study findings on
*Cost-Effective Boreholes <#news2>* from Uganda, Ghana, Burkina Faso and
Zambia. Self Supply through hand dug wells in urban areas is in the
spotlight, through a *new study just published <#news3>* by the
International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED). We have
compiled a list of practical publications on *hand dug well construction
<#news4>*, which will be useful to many of you. *EMAS <#news5>* will
host a course on low cost technology options in Bolivia (March – April
2011). We are also able to share with you the insights from *a
south-south exchange <#news6>* on Self Supply experiences between
Government Officials and UNICEF in Uganda with their counterparts in
Zambia. In addition, Skat has just put its series of *manuals on
drinking water supply <#news7>* onto the website for you to download
free of charge!

For those of you who speak *Portuguese*, SDC *Mozambique* has just
translated the Myths of the Rural Water Supply Sector into Portuguese.
*Mitos no Sector de Abastecimento de Água Rural* can be downloaded from

Pour *les francophones* - Si vous souhaitez recevoir le bulletin
trimestriel en français, veuillez nous écrire un e-mail à rwsn@skat.ch
<mailto:rwsn@skat.ch> intitulé *Bulletin Trimestriel en français*. Nous
sommes graduellement en phase d'introduire un réseau bilingue (français
et anglais). Comme deuxième étape de ce processus nous avons groupé
toute la littérature en français actuellement disponible sur notre site
Web en une seule place. Merci de visiter le lien http://tinyurl.com/ot42to

Cost-Effective Boreholes*

*Siting of Drilled Water Wells - A Guide for Project Managers*has just
been published by RWSN. This concise document, written particularly for
managers of water supply programmes and projects provides a step by step
guide on the siting of drilled water wells. As a first step, the
essential requirements for a simple groundwater model are set out,
including some basic explanations to help the reader establish an
understanding of hydrogeology. It subsequently explains what needs to be
taken into consideration when selecting a suitable site for drilling.
This includes the requirements of the water well, and a comprehensive
set of instructions on how the most suitable site should be determined.
Key considerations with respect to the tender and contract documents are
also set out, as well as some basic information regarding field work and
contract management. The field note takes the reader through the process
from consideration of the user needs right up to the process of engaging
a drilling contractor to construct a drilled water well. It can be
downloaded from

In order to understand the challenges faced by groundwater consultants
and borehole drilling companies so as to support them better, a study
funded by UNICEF: *Assessment of Groundwater Investigations and Borehole
Drilling and Supervision Capacity in Uganda* has just been published.
The study reveals that the borehole drilling and groundwater
investigation capacity in the country is reasonable but needs to be
strengthened to ensure that good quality services are provided by the
licensed companies. An improved regulatory framework for borehole
drilling and groundwater abstraction and the development of a licensing
system for hydrogeologists and shallow well contractors is recommended
for Uganda. You can download the full report from

The *Code of Practice for Cost Effective Boreholes*, has just been
endorsed by the USA National Ground Water Association (USA):

As part of our work to understand and improve drilled water well
cost-effectiveness, we have just published a short *synthesis report* of
the findings from studies in *Burkina Faso, Ghana and Zambia*. The
report tries to compare countries performance against the principles set
out in the cost of practice for cost-effective boreholes. It thus takes
a first step towards benchmarking countries against these indicators.
The report is available on our website:

We are aware of some attempts to improve borehole cost-effectiveness
through studies, training, improved regulation, and drillers
associations in Mozambique, Nigeria, Sudan and Uganda but are very keen
to learn about what others are doing in this regard. Please contact the
Cost-Effective Boreholes coordinator kerstin.danert@skat.ch
<mailto:kerstin.danert@skat.ch>, with your experiences or enquiries.

Self Supply*

Self Supply is an approach whereby households are supported to make
their own investments in water supplies.

*EMAS*will hold a one month practical training course on pump
construction, manual drilling, construction of underground tanks and
solar water heaters from the 24th March to 22nd April 2011 in Puerto
Pérez, *Bolivia*. The course includes both practical and theoretical
components (see http://vimeo.com/channels/emas) Participants are
expected to fund their own travel to and from the course, and pay a
contribution of €55. EMAS will cover accommodation, food and the cost of
the training. If you are interested, please contact Wolfgang Buchner on:
emas@entelnet.bo <mailto:emas@entelnet.bo> For those of you who are not
able to travel to Bolivia for the course, you can also access the
training materials on line: http://emas.blip.tv or

The International Institute for Environment and Development (IIED) has
just published report entitled *Groundwater, self supply and poor urban
dwellers: A review with case studies of Bangalore and Lusaka*. The
report recognises the fact that an estimated 270 million of people in
low-income urban settlements around the world rely on water wells for
drinking water and productive use. However, efforts to enhance the
quality, reliability and sustainability of these sources receive little
attention. The report highlights the importance of not discouraging
people from using these sources, but to emphasise the need to maintain
the quality of this resource, combined with education about hand-washing
and other hygiene measures. For more details about this report, visit
http://pubs.iied.org/10584IIED.html or contact martin.mulenga@iied.org

UNICEF and the Ministry of Water and Environment in Uganda recently
undertook a *south-south exchange visit to Zambia*. A team of six
visited Lusaka and Luapula Provence to learn about experiences of
promoting Self Supply in Zambia. The visit was extremely insightful,
particularly to see that in Zambia water users in a remote part of the
country are managing to improve their water supplies with zero subsidy.
You can download the report from

As part of our website update and information-sharing, we are collating
information on technologies suitable for self supply. Over the coming
months, we are particularly interested in information with respect
to*hand dug well construction*. There are a number of excellent
publications already (listed below), but if you have any other
particularly user-friendly guidelines which could be shared, please send
them to kerstin.danert@skat.ch <mailto:kerstin.danert@skat.ch>. Thanks!

* Collins (2000) *Hand-dug Shallow Wells*, Series of Manuals on
Drinking Water Supply Volume 5, SKAT, Switzerland -

* Sutton (2004) *Low Cost Water Source Improvements* - *Practical
Guidelines for Fieldworkers* - http://www.talcuk.org
* Watt and Wood (1998) *Hand-dug wells and their construction*,
Practical Action Publications, UK - http://developmentbookshop.com
* Morgan, P (1995) *Upgrading Well Manual for Field Workers*,
Mvuramanzi Trust, Zimbabwe -

* Rihouey, J (1998) *Well Construction and Equipment* - *Examples
from Cambodia*, Gret http://www.gret.org
* Rihouey, J (1998)*Construction et aménagemant de puits* -
*L'example du Cambodge*, Gret http://www.gret.org
* Laver *Well Digging* - *A guide to the construction and protection
of hand dug wells*, GTZ and Blair Research Laboratory, Zimbabwe

* Lanka Jathika Sarvodaya Shramadana Sangamaya (1987) *Well
Construction Manual*


For more information about the self-supply flagship, and ongoing work by
partner organisations, visit our website or contact Sally Sutton:
sally@ssutton.fsbusiness.co.uk <mailto:sally@ssutton.fsbusiness.co.uk>

Sustainable Rural Water Supplies*

The World Bank has just published *Private Operators and Rural Water
Supplies: A Desk Review Of Experience*. The study reviewed 25
initiatives which demonstrate that private operators can improve water
services in rural settlements or scattered rural homesteads with
populations under 5,000. The publication is available online at:
http://go.worldbank.org/HHMU4VZQU0. Copies can also be ordered from the
Water Helpdesk <mailto:whelpdesk@worldbank.org>.

A five-page /SmartLessons/ note, which distils lessons from the World
Bank study (above) is also available: *Private Operators and Rural Water
Supplies: Can It Work?* can be downloaded from

There are a number of *new mapping tools* available in the public
domain, which can be used to monitor the coverage and operational status
of water services:

*FLOW*- (*Field Level Operations Watch*) is a new baseline and
monitoring platform that allows organisations to get a clear view of
which water sources are working, on the verge of disrepair or broken.
The platform, which has been developed by Gallatin Systems and is now
being used by Water For People enables water source information to be
gathered, mapped and immediately shared, thus improving understanding of
sustainability issues and supporting informed decision-making. To find
out more, visit: http://watermapmonitordev.appspot.com or

*The Water Point Mapper *is a free tool for producing maps showing the
status of water supply services. It is aimed at water, sanitation,
hygiene practitioners as well as local governments working at the
district and sub-district levels in Sub-Saharan Africa. The Mapper has
been designed for use in situations where there is no internet
connectivity. The Water Point Mapper was developed by WaterAid. To find
out more, visit: http://www.waterpointmapper.org

For more information about the sustainable rural water supplies flagship
of RWSN visit our website or contact pharvey@unicef.org

Handpump Technologies*

As a special offer for the whole of 2011, we are sending out free CDs of
the handpump technology standards (Version 2009). If you would like to
receive one, please contact noro.robson@skat.ch
<mailto:noro.robson@skat.ch> Please note that you are very welcome to
make a donation for these CDs. Donations will be used to enable others
will less means to access RWSN information.

If you wish more details on handpump technologies contact
kerstin.danert@skat.ch <mailto:kerstin.danert@skat.ch> or
erichbaumann@hotmail.com <mailto:erichbaumann@hotmail.com>.

New Research, Publications and Websites*

*Skat*has just made the series of six *manuals on drinking water supply*
available freely online:

* *Management

* *Building

* *Spring

* *Hand Dug Shallow

* *Drilled

* *Water


*SDC**Mozambique* has just translated the Myths of the Rural Water
Supply Sector into *Portuguese*. *Mitos no Sector de Abastecimento de
Água Rural* can be downloaded from

Do you want to share your practical or professional experience, or
research findings in water and sanitation with others? Then consider
writing for *Waterlines* - an international journal for those interested
in extending adequate water supply, sanitation and solid waste
management to all in developing countries. Waterlines aims to bridge the
gap between research and practice and considers key challenges faced by
engineers, health professionals, community development workers,
researchers, policy makers. Guidelines for authors are available on:

The themes for Waterlines in 2011 are:

* April 2011: *Water Safety Plans* (copy deadline 1 December 2010)
* July 2011: '*Good Governance in Water and Sanitation*' (copy
deadline 1 March 2011). This edition covers issues ranging from
participation to politics and corruption. How can users make
utilities and other suppliers accountable to their needs? Has
progress been made towards greater transparency in operations?

We also encourage non-theme papers relating to drinking water supply,
sanitation and hygiene, these can be articles covering specific projects
and field-based experiences as well as more analytical, research-based
papers. For more information visit
or contact Sue Cavill: suecavill@hotmail.com <mailto:suecavill@hotmail.com>

RWSN Member Requests and Sharing*

The Ministry of Water and Environment in *Uganda* has just released the
*2010 Water and Environment Sector Performance Report*. The report can
be downloaded from http://www.mwe.go.ug/MoWE/85/Joint_Sector_Review_2010

*Benin*is one of the few countries in sub-Saharan Africa which is on
track to meet the Millennium Development Goals (MDG) target for rural
drinking-water supply. In 2000, the Government of Benin began a shift
from a project approach to a programmatic approach with enhanced budget
support. Benin has thus undergone reforms in budget preparation and
management. The recent SmartLessons publication from IFC documents the
progress in Scaling Up Rural Water Supply Service in Benin. The document
can be downloaded from

Membership and Subscription*

RWSN membership is open to individuals and organisations that support
rural people throughout the world to access improved water supplies.
RWSN currently has over 2,000 members, including professionals in
numerous Governments, NGOs and the private sector. RWSN members
contribute to the network by sharing information, contributing their
time and providing financial resources for specific activities. If you
wish to join, please contact us on rwsn@skat.ch <mailto:rwsn@skat.ch>,
or kerstin.danert@skat.ch <mailto:kerstin.danert@skat.ch>. If you have
any problems loading down documents, please send us a mail to and we can
send you the information by email.

If you would prefer to receive the newsletter in English/French, please
just let us know on rwsn@skat.ch <mailto:rwsn@skat.ch>


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