Thursday, November 15, 2012

China surveys Yangtze purpoise as extinction looms

China surveys Yangtze purpoise as extinction looms
By Bill Savadove, AFP
The China Post
November 12, 2012

SHANGHAI -- Chinese scientists on Sunday began a survey of the dwindling
population of an endangered porpoise in the country's longest river, as
the animal edges toward extinction from man-made threats.
Researchers will spend more than a month tracking the finless porpoise -
known as the "river pig" in Chinese - in the Yangtze River, China's
longest waterway at more than 6,000 kilometers (3,700 miles), organizers

It marks the most comprehensive survey of the species, found only in
China, since 2006, when a similar expedition found only 1,800. The
current number could be far lower, they said.

"Our expectation is maybe only 1,000 of them are left, but we have to
see how it turns out from the survey," said Wang Ding, a research
professor at the Institute of Hydrobiology under the Chinese Academy of

"People have started to think of the finless porpoise as the symbol of
the Yangtze River which also indicates the current status of the river,"
Wang, who is leading the expedition, told AFP.

The earlier 2006 expedition declared another species, a freshwater
dolphin called the "Baiji," to be extinct.

The finless porpoise, which has only a small dorsal ridge rather than a
fin, has been hurt by human intrusion and environmental degradation,
said global conservation organisation WWF, which is supporting the

Deaths of the creature have been caused by boat strikes and fishing gear
accidents as well as degradation of rivers - and dolphin food sources -
due to pollution and severe droughts blamed on climate change.

"If we are going to save the Yangtze finless porpoise ... we must take
immediate action to keep the Yangtze River and its lakes healthy," Lei
Gang, director of WWF China's freshwater program, said in a statement.

"This means better laws and enforcement - we need to see harmful fishing
practices stop, sand-dredging better controlled and new reserves developed."

The WWF has said the porpoise could become extinct in 15 years if no
action is taken.

Waterways in China have become heavily contaminated with toxic waste
from factories and farms - pollution blamed on more than three decades
of rapid economic growth and lax enforcement of environmental protection

Environmental activists have also blamed China's huge Three Gorges Dam
and other hydropower projects on the Yangtze for upsetting the delicate
ecological balance and harming aquatic life in the river.

The government-backed expedition set sail Sunday from the central
Chinese city of Wuhan aboard two boats equipped with sonar and acoustic
surveying equipment, organizers said.

They will travel upstream to Yichang, gateway to the Three Gorges Dam,
before heading back downstream all the way to China's commercial hub of
Shanghai at the mouth of the Yangtze, they said.

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