China's famous 'river pigs' close to extinction: WWF
30 March, 2013
Agence France Presse in Beijing
China's wild finless porpoises are heading toward extinction, a
conservation group said Thursday, with the dolphin-like animals now
rarer than the giant panda.
With a stubby nose and grey body, the porpoises inhabit the Yangtze
River and are famed for their cuteness in China, where they are known as
But their numbers in the Yangtze, which is the country's longest river,
have more than halved in six years, according to an extensive survey.
Scientists spent over a month last year scanning more than 3,400
kilometres of the river in a hunt for the porpoises, but only saw 380,
the conservation group WWF said in a statement.
Based on that observation, combined with sightings of the porpoises in
lakes connected to the river, the total number alive in the wild was
likely to be a little more than 1,000, the WWF said.
There are around 1,600 giant pandas living in the wild, according to the
WWF, which has said the porpoise could become extinct in 15 years if no
action is taken.
The species is "moving fast toward its extinction," the WWF quoted Wang
Ding, head of the research expedition, as saying.
The finless porpoise, which unlike the dolphin has a small dorsal ridge
rather than a fin, has been hurt by human intrusion and environmental
"Food shortage and human disturbance such as increased shipping traffic
are the major threats," the WWF said, adding that researchers also
discovered "traps that could affect finless porpoises".
Waterways in China have become heavily contaminated with toxic waste
from factories and farms -- pollution blamed on more than three decades
of rapid economic growth and lax enforcement of environmental protection
Environmental activists also say the huge Three Gorges Dam and other
hydropower projects on the Yangtze have upset the delicate ecological
balance and harmed aquatic life in the river.
The survey failed to find any trace of the Baiji Dolphin, a close
relative of the finless porpoise that was declared "functionally
extinct," after a survey in 2006.
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